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Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive

The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE; Peterson Institute), until 2006 the Institute for International Economics (IIE), is a private and non-profit think tank focused on international economics, based in Washington, D.C. It was founded by C. Fred Bergsten in 1981, and is led by Adam S. Posen. According to the 2015 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report (Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program, University of Pennsylvania), PIIE was number 20 (of 150) in the "Top Think Tanks Worldwide" and number 13 (of 60) in the "Top Think Tanks in the United States".

The Institute was founded by C. Fred Bergsten in 1981, in response to a proposal from the German Marshall Fund.[3] It moved to its current building on Massachusetts Avenue in 2001.

In 2006, a capital campaign led to the creation of a sizeable endowment. Previously known as the Institute of International Economics, it changed its name that same year in recognition of Peter G. Peterson's role in the capital campaign and for his longstanding support of the Institute since the early 1980s.

Adam S. Posen succeeded Bergsten as President on January 1, 2013.  Michael A. Peterson succeeded his father Peter G. Peterson as Chairman in the spring of 2018. The Institute's annual budget is about $12-13 million and it is financially supported by foundations, private corporations, and individuals, as well as earnings from its publications and capital fund.

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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown explain the Chinese economic development strategy at the core of the Trump administration's Section 301 dispute and latest tariff threats. They discuss Beijing's "Made in China 2025" industrial policy, how technology gets transferred, and the tradeoffs American companies face when doing business in China.
Topic: United States, China,Trade & Investment, Intellectual Property Rights
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown speak with Douglas Irwin (PIIE and Dartmouth College) about popular misconceptions around the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act of 1930, the Great Depression, and the global trade wars that ensued. They discuss how the gold standard, tariffs, quotas, exchange controls, imperial preferences, and bartering all fit into the dismantling of the international trading system in the 1930s. They then put President Trumpâs trade policy actions to...
Topics: United States, Disputes, Protectionism, Trade Policy
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the escalating tariff fight between President Trump and China. They update the status of Trump's "national security" tariffs on steel and aluminum as well as Beijing's retaliation over $3 billion of imports. They also analyze Trump's $50 billion Section 301 tariff proposal, China's $50 billion proposed retaliatory response, before turning to Trump's subsequent $100 billion request for more tariffs...
Topics: United States, China, Disputes, Protectionism, Trade Policy
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown explore the US Department of Commerce findings that imports of steel and aluminum threaten national security and the recommendation that President Trump impose new trade restrictions. They speak with Jennifer Hillman (Georgetown Law) about the trade law in use (Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962), the differences between the proposed tariffs and quotas, the likely costs of such a decision, and the implications for...
Topics: United States, Security, Trade Policy
PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist discuss the economics of trade policy. This week they examine the impact of international trade on economic activity within developing countries like India, Vietnam and Brazil. They talk with Professor Nina Pavcnik of Dartmouth College about her research on how trade liberalization has impacted workers and firms, what affects their ability to adjust, and the implications for poverty reduction and inequality. They also discuss...
Topics: Emerging Markets, Globalization, Trade Policy
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown explain developments resulting from President Trump's announcement of new "national security" import tariffs on steel and aluminum. They discuss those countries hit with -- and those excluded from -- the tariffs, the implications for the NAFTA negotiations, and the process for more countries to seek exemption. They describe the European Union's potential response of immediate retaliation and the imposition of its own...
Topics: United States, Security, Commodities, Protectionism, Trade Policy
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown have a wide-ranging conversation with Dani Rodrik (Harvard Kennedy School) about trade agreements. In Part 1 of this 4-episode conversation, they discuss the purpose of such deals, the gains from easing labor market restrictions, and Daniâs views on inserting provisions into free trade agreements regarding intellectual property rights protection, investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS), and rules of origin.
Topics: Labor Disputes, Intellectual Property Rights, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist talk with PIIE Senior Fellow Douglas Irwin about his recent book "Clashing over Commerce: A History of US Trade Policy" and the role that protectionism played in the US economy during its industrial development of the 19th century. They examine Henry Clay's proposal for an "American system," the Jeffersonian trade embargo of 1807--09, as well as the theoretical arguments for--and the practical arguments...
Topics: PIIE, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown have a conversation with Ana Swanson from The New York Times about trade and journalism. They discuss encounters relating to steel, aluminum, softwood lumber and lobsters, as well as the surprises along the way, and how to strike a balance between data and anecdotes.
Topic: Trade Policy
Chad P. Bown have a wide-ranging conversation with Dani Rodrik (Harvard Kennedy School) about trade agreements. In Part 4 of this 4-episode conversation, they provide a "bonus" technical discussion about the state of formal economics research into the purpose of trade agreements. This includes how governments use cooperative trade deals to both stop the spread of international externalities and to tie their own hands with respect to special interests.
Topic: Trade
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the economics of trade policy. This week they focus on three big fights in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) renegotiations, as President Donald Trump steers the trade relationship between the United States, Mexico, and Canada on Twitter. The first is about the ability of foreign companies to sue governments under NAFTA; the second is Trump seeking to remove constraints on imposing antidumping and...
Topics: North American Free Trade Agreement, Mexico, Canada, United States, Disputes
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Soumaya Keynes of the Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown introduce a weekly and geeky podcast on developments in international trade and policy. This weekâs episode covers the hostsâ favorite trade (short) stories of the year and their very revealing answers to the question: Why trade? The podcastâs official launch is September 1, 2017. Peterson Perspectives interviews will continue to air along with these new trade-specific episodes of Trade Talks
Topics: Trade Policy, PIIE, Chad Bown, Soumaya Keynes, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown have a wide-ranging conversation with Dani Rodrik (Harvard Kennedy School) about trade agreements. In Part 2 of this 4-episode conversation, they discuss ways to improve such deals as well as his views on social dumping, labor differences across countries, and inserting labor standards into free trade agreements. The also talk about how enforceable labor standards fit into the original Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement...
Topics: Labor, Free Trade Agreements, Trade Policy
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the evolution of the auto industry in North America. Long before the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the 1965 Canada-US Auto Pact, Mexican maquiladora program, OPEC-induced oil shocks, voluntary export restraints on Japan, and changing consumer preferences shaped the auto industry. NAFTA led to new cross-border supply chains and geographic clusterings in the American âauto alleyâ as well as in...
Topics: Manufacturing, North American Free Trade Agreement
PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist discuss the challenges facing the UK government as it seeks negotiations separate from the Brexit talks to maintain existing market access through the European Union's free trade agreements with more than 60 countries. Roughly 15 percent of UK goods trade is with such countries, which include South Korea, Canada, and Mexico. They speak with University of Sussex Professor Michael Gasiorek about complications preventing the...
Topics: European Union, United Kingdom, Free Trade Agreements
On the occasion of its 70th anniversary, PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on the origins of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, or GATT. They speak with the authors of "The Genesis of the GATT" (Cambridge University Press)--Professors Douglas Irwin, Petros Mavroidis, and Alan Sykes--about the gripping lead-up to the signing of the transformative trade agreement on October 30, 1947. The American Smoot-Hawley tariffs, British Imperial...
Topics: WTO, Trade Policy, Chad Bown, Soumaya Keynes, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the controversy surrounding the US washing machine market and update the solar panels case, in light of President Trump's decision to impose safeguard tariffs under Section 201 of the Trade Act of 1974. For washers, they describe the history of US mergers in the industry; earlier US antidumping and countervailing duties imposed on South Korea, Mexico, and China; and decisions by foreign companies to invest in America.
Topics: PIIE, United States, Disputes, Trade Policy
PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on a huge WTO dispute in which China is suing the European Union and the United States over their refusal to treat it as a market economy, meaning they will not put lower duties on Chinese exports. They discuss how China’s economy has evolved over time and how to define a 'market economy.' Special features include Keynes’s interview with European Commissioner for Trade, Cecilia Malmström, and conversations about the...
Topics: Trade, Chad P Bown, China, EU, PIIE, Soumaya Keynes
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown have a wide-ranging conversation with Dani Rodrik (Harvard Kennedy School) about trade agreements. In Part 3 of this 4-episode conversation, they discuss concerns with how economists have explained the costs and benefits of trade deals to the public, the role of social safety nets, and adjustment programs to address trade âshocksâ such as NAFTA and Chinaâs entry into the WTO, as well as President Trumpâs approach to trade...
Topic: Trade
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on the December 2017 World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial meeting in Buenos Aires. They describe the contentious negotiations over India's public stockholding program, fishing subsidies, and electronic commerce. They interview author Paul Blustein about his book "Misadventures of the Most Favored Nations: Clashing Egos, Inflated Ambitions, and the Great Shambles of the World Trade System," including the...
Topics: WTO, PIIE, World Trade Organization, Chad P. Bown
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the issues involved in President Trump’s triggering a “Section 301” investigation of China’s unfair treatment of American intellectual property. This special episode covers two questions: What is forced technology transfer, and is it a problem? Is Trump's approach on China the right one?
Topics: trade policy, China, United States, Chad P Bown, Soumaya Keynes, PIIE
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), the program rich countries use to offer lower tariffs to exporters in developing countries. They discuss a variety of programs - the now expired US GSP scheme, the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), as well as differences with the European Union's GSP, GSP+ and Everything But Arms (EBA) policies. They speak with Emily Blanchard (Tuck School at Dartmouth College) and...
Topics: Emerging Markets, Trade Policy
Soumaya Keynes (The Economist) and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown speak with Professor Meredith Crowley (University of Cambridge) about her Brexit research. Crowley describes results from her use of information on product-level UK exports and trade policies to identify the key sectoral risks of Britain exiting the European Union without a new trade deal. She also explains the uncertainty associated with UK exports to the EU facing tariff-rate quotas for agriculture, as well as trade defense...
Topic: Brexit, European Union
PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist examine what a no-deal Brexit would look like, or the economic implications if Britain were to split from the European Union without a new trade deal. They talk with Professor Swati Dhingra of the London School of Economics about her research on what reverting to World Trade Organization (WTO) tariffs would mean for the United Kingdom. They also discuss looming nontariff barriers to trade in sectors like pharmaceuticals,...
Topics: European Union, United Kingdom, Trade Policy
PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist survey listeners and conduct interviews from the WTO Ministerial meeting in Buenos Aires, to describe some of the more bizarre - and fascinating - barriers to international trade found in human history. They analyze the economics of policies applied in countries around the world that affect bicycles and skis, the Internet, video cassette recorders and pirated movies, as well as alcohol, chocolate, and tobacco.
Topics: World Trade Organization, Trade Policy
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss President Trumpâs upcoming choice to grant trade protection to a sliver of the US solar manufacturing industry. The episode describes cleavages within the solar industry, including jobs, and the rarely used US Section 201 trade law being deployed. It chronicles the long history of environmental, economic, and trade policy problemsâin the United States, the European Union, and Chinaâbehind the solar panel dispute and...
Topics: United States, Disputes, Manufacturing, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Olivier Blanchard and Lawrence H. Summers present their paper "Rethinking Stabilization Policy: Back to the Future" on October 12, 2017, at the conference "Rethinking Macroeconomic Policy," held October 12-13 at the Peterson Institute for International Economics. Ben Bernanke, Brookings Institution, presents his paper "Monetary Policy in a New Era" on October 12, 2017, at the conference "Rethinking Macroeconomic Policy," organized by Olivier Blanchard and...
Topics: macroeconomics, financial stability
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown focus on the economic tension arising through the ongoing NAFTA--or North American Free Trade Agreementâtalks between the United States, Canada, and Mexico. The episode also dives into the question of how integrated the NAFTA economy is, exploring value-added in the hotly contested automobile industry. The trade geeks also provide rapid-fire answers to questions from listeners who were asked "What else do you want to know...
Topics: United States, Canada, Mexico, North American Free Trade Agreement
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist examine the new Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). They discuss how 11 persistent countries pulled the original TPP deal from President Trump's dustbin and pushed toward agreement by suspending certain important elements. They also speak with PIIE Senior Fellow Jeffrey J. Schott about the motivation behind the agreement for countries like Japan, Australia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Mexico,...
Topics: United States, Trans-Pacific Partnership
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss an ongoing trade dispute involving large civil aircraft jets, Bombardier and Boeing, as well as the governments of Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The dispute involves subsidies, the Trump administration’s potential imposition of tariffs, and the high-stakes politics of putting Quebec and Northern Ireland jobs at risk.
Topics: trade, trade disputes, Bombardier, Boeing, United States
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown talk with PIIE Senior Fellow Marcus Noland about his research on implementing trade sanctions on North Korea. First up is his recent book with Stephan Haggard (PIIE) "Hard Target: Sanctions, Inducements, and the Case of North Korea" and the evidence behind the effectiveness of using trade policy to bring about change in North Korea. They discuss the implications of North Korea's periods of autarky, and the commitment...
Topics: Trade, Chad Bown, PIIE, Soumaya Keynes, PIIE, North Korea
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown talk with PIIE Senior Fellow Caroline Freund about her research on big firms, billionaires, international trade, and economic development. First up is her recent book "Rich People Poor Countries: The Rise of Emerging-Market Tycoons and Their Mega Firms" and the evidence behind the importance of being big in international trade. They also probe the downside of unproductive wealth, the rise of inefficient behemoths in...
Topics: Emerging Markets, inequality, trade policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown focus on the Trump administration's approach to the World Trade Organization (WTO). The episode describes US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer's recently articulated positions involving WTO dispute settlement rulings adverse to the United States (e.g., 'zeroing'), a looming crisis in Geneva that threatens the WTOâs independent Appellate Body, and the administration's approach toward 'mercantilist China' - inside or...
Topics: United States, WTO, Trade Policy
Soumaya Keynes (The Economist) and Chad Bown (PIIE) focus on the Trump administration's risking a trade war, after the president started a Section 232 investigation into whether steel and aluminum imports are a threat to US national security. The episode describes the controversial law that the president triggered, the international response that included threats of retaliation, and the economic problems of both the underlying Chinese overcapacity as well as the administration's potential trade...
Topics: United States, China, Disputes, Trade Policy
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus this week on the costs of increased uncertainty generated by President Trump's threat to rip up US trade agreements as well as the United Kingdom's Brexit vote to leave the European Union. Professor Nuno Limão of the University of Maryland joins to discuss his recent research on how trade agreements reduce investment uncertainty and provides insight from Portugal's 1986 entry to the European Community, China's 2001 entry...
Topics: United States, Political Economy, Trade Policy
This week Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes focus on the South Korea-US free trade agreement (KORUS) and President Donald Trump's unhappiness with it, as his administration alternates between threats of withdrawal and renegotiation. The episode chronicles the rocky negotiating history of the deal, explains the role of professional economists in advising trade policymakers, and evaluates the performance of KORUS five years after it was finally implemented.
Topics: trade, South Korea, United States, Soumaya Keynes, Chad Bown
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) and the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) cohost a conference on income inequality and inclusive growth on November 17, 2016. Caroline Freund, PIIE, moderates panel 1, "Income Inequality." Panelists include: Anu Madgavkar, McKinsey Global Institute; Sandy Black, Council of Economic Advisers; and Paolo Mauro, International Monetary Fund. The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) and the McKinsey Global Institute...
Topics: inequality, growth
Robert D. Hormats, under secretary of state for economic, energy and agricultural affairs, delivers the concluding remarks at the Russian Economy and US-Russian Relations conference, held at the Peterson Institute April 15, 2011. For more information, visit http://www.piie.com/events/event_detail.cfm?EventID=177.
Topics: Robert Hormats, Russia, United States, trade, WTO, World Trade Organization, Peterson Institute for...
Niall Ferguson, Harvard University, delivered the Peterson Institute's ninth annual Niarchos Lecture on May 13, 2010, on the topic "Fiscal Crises and Imperial Collapses: Historical Perspectives on Current Predicaments."
Topics: financial crisis, fiscal crisis, economic history, history, Niall Ferguson, Peterson Institute,...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Roger Albinyana, Cataloniaâs secretary of foreign affairs, presents his case for Catalan self-determination, and the potential political and economic scenarios that could follow. He spoke at the Peterson Institute for International Economics on September 9, 2015. Also at the event, Institute Senior Fellow Angel Ubide assessed the economic disadvantages of such secession from Spain.
Topics: Catalonia, secessionist movement, Roger Albinyana, Angel Ubide, Peterson Institute for...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics, PIIE
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Richard Baldwin of the Graduate Institute, Geneva, presents his new book, The Great Convergence: Information Technology and the New Globalization, at a launch event held by the Peterson Institute for International Economics on November 15, 2016. Sherman Robinson, new nonresident senior fellow at the Institute, provides commentary. Baldwin argues in The Great Convergence that revolutionary advances in information and communications technology (ICT) transformed globalization around 1990 in ways...
Topics: globalization, information technology
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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David J. Stockton, Peterson Institute for International Economics, chairs the first panel of the conference "Making Sense of the Productivity Slowdown," held at the Institute on November 16, 2015. Speakers at the panel "Understanding the US Productivity Slowdown" included John Fernald, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco; Jaana Remes, McKinsey Global Institute; and Peter Orszag, Citigroup. Jacob Funk Kirkegaard, Peterson Institute for International Economics, chairs the...
Topics: productivity, David Stockton, John Fernald, Jaana Remes, Peter Orszag, Jacob Kirkegaard, Kyoji...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Gary Clyde Hufbauer examines a long history of precedents of presidents invoking various legal statues, particularly those involving war powers, to show that as president Donald Trump could implement his trade agenda unilaterally long before any legislative or judicial challenges occur.
Topics: United States, politics, trade policy
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Sam Allen, CEO and chairman, Deere & Co; Vladimir Dmitriev, CEO of VEB; Clay Lowery, vice president of CISCO; and Denis Morozov, former CEO of Norilsk Nickel and Uralkali, speak at panel 3, "US-Russia Business Roundtable," at the Russian Economy and US-Russian Relations conference, held at the Peterson Institute April 15, 2011. For more information, visit http://www.piie.com/events/event_detail.cfm?EventID=177.
Topics: Sam Allen, Vladimir Dmitriev, Clay Lowery, Denis Morozov, Russia, United States, trade, WTO, World...
Alexei Ulyukaev, first deputy chairman of the Central Bank of Russia; Sergei Guriev, president of the New Economic School; and Alexander Dynkin, director of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations, speak at panel 1, "The Outlook for Russiaâs Economy," at the Russian Economy and US-Russian Relations conference, held at the Peterson Institute April 15, 2011. For more information, visit http://www.piie.com/events/event_detail.cfm?EventID=177.
Topics: Alexei Ulyukaev, Sergei Guriev, Alexander Dynkin, Russia, United States, trade, WTO, World Trade...
Ed Verona, president of the US-Russia Business Council; and Stanislav Voskresensky, Russian deputy minister of economic development, speak at panel 2, "Permanent Normal Trade Relations for Russia," at the Russian Economy and US-Russian Relations conference, held at the Peterson Institute April 15, 2011. For more information, visit http://www.piie.com/events/event_detail.cfm?EventID=177.
Topics: Ed Verona, Stanislav Voskresensky, PNTR, Russia, United States, trade, WTO, World Trade...
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Senior Fellow Jeffrey J. Schott, Research Associate Cathleen Cimino-Isaacs, and Research Analyst Euijin Jung present their new Policy Brief Implications of the Trans-Pacific Partnership for the World Trading System on July 14, 2016, at the Peterson Institute for International Economics. Professor Byung-il Choi of Ewha Womans University discusses the Brief from a Korean perspectiveâand thus from a potential, not current, Trans-Pacific Parternship (TPP) member country view. For more information,...
Topics: Trans-Pacific Partnership, trade policy, Korea
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Michael A. McFaul, senior director of the National Security Council, speaks on the topic of "What Does Reset Entail and Has It Brought Success?" at the Russian Economy and US-Russian Relations conference, held at the Peterson Institute April 15, 2011. For more information, visit http://www.piie.com/events/event_detail.cfm?EventID=177.
Topics: Michael McFaul, Russia, United States, trade, WTO, World Trade Organization, Peterson Institute for...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Martin Wolf, chief economics commentator of the Financial Times, speaks on the topic of "Why the Eurozone Crisis is Not Over" at the Peterson Institute on May 3, 2012. Wolf believes that the euro area crisis in fact has barely begun and requires a process of adjustment that could take a full decade and posed the question of whether the member countries have the political will to make that process work and resolve the crisis successfully. Wolf's speech was cosponsored by the Peterson...
Topics: Martin Wolf, Europe, European Union, EU, eurozone, euro area, financial crisis, debt crisis,...
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Nicolas Veron says Italyâs banking problems have been simmering for quite some time and that fears associated with Brexit and controversial efforts by the Italian authorities to rescue domestic banks have further complicated the issue.
Topics: Italy, banking
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Nicholas R. Lardy says China is taking sensible steps to counter the moderate slowdown in growth, rejecting the route of expanding credit aggressively as it did in 2009.
Topics: China, economic growth, monetary policy, credit expansion, Nicholas Lardy, Peterson Institute for...
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Simon Johnson, senior fellow, presents the findings of his latest book, White House Burning: The Founding Fathers, Our National Debt, and Why It Matters to You, at an event hosted by the Peterson Institute on April 9, 2012. Coauthored with James Kwak, the book provides a comprehensive analysis of the current US fiscal problem and offers proposals for effective policy response.
Topics: United States, debt, financial crisis, Simon Johnson, Peterson Institute for International...
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The Peterson Institute for International Economics hosts the Washington launch of the 18th Geneva Report âWhat Else Can Central Banks Do?â on September 14, 2016. PIIE Senior Fellow Joseph E. Gagnon and former PIIE Visiting Fellow Signe Krogstrup present the report, which they coauthored with Laurence Ball of Johns Hopkins University and Patrick Honohan of Trinity College and PIIE. Jason Cummins of Brevan Howard and Carmen Reinhart of the Harvard Kennedy School comment on the reportâs...
Topics: central banks, monetary policy
Jean-Claude Trichet on Lessons from the Crisis for the European Monetary Union Jean-Claude Trichet, former President of the European Central Bank, delivers the eleventh Stavros Niarchos Foundation Lecture at the Peterson Institute on May 17, 2012. Trichet discussed the current euro crisis in the context of the evolution of Europe and particularly its future prospects. Q and A with Jean-Claude Trichet on the Crisis and the European Monetary Union Jean-Claude Trichet, former President of the...
Topics: Jean-Claude Trichet, ECB, European Central Bank, global financial crisis, Europe, euro area,...
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Currency Wars Conference: Economics Panel (1) The Peterson Institute held the conference "Currency Wars: Economic Realities, Institutional Responses, and the G-20 Agenda" on April 2, 2013. A collaboration between PIIE and American University's Washington College of Law and Brazilian International Trade Scholars, Inc., conference participants presented legal, economic, emerging market, and G-7 perspectives on currency relations and retaliations between trading economies. The first...
Topics: currency, exchange rates, international financial system, G-20, International Monetary Fund, IMF,...
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Nicolas Véron assesses the latest cabinet shakeup by President François Hollande, who appears more determined to carry out structural reforms to accelerate economic growth.
Topics: France, political economy, economic reforms, economic growth, Francois Hollande, Nicolas Veron,...
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Edwin M. Truman, elaborating on his proposal jointly offered with C. Fred Bergsten, says the International Monetary Fund should walk away from the United States if Congress fails to support its governance and finance reforms.
Topics: IMF, International Monetary Fund, IMF reform, governance reform, Edwin Truman, Fred Bergsten,...
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Alexei Kudrin, Russian deputy prime minister and minister of finance, speaks about the Russian economy and trade at the Russian Economy and US-Russian Relations conference, held at the Peterson Institute April 15, 2011. For more information, visit http://www.piie.com/events/event_detail.cfm?EventID=177.
Topics: Russia, World Trade Organization, WTO, United States, trade, PNTR, Alexei Kudrin
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Jeffrey J. Schott says the apparent agreement by Japan to lower tariff barriers on beef, poultry, and other products needs to be fleshed out but could pave the way for a broad accord later this year.
Topics: Japan, United States, trade, free trade agreement, Trans-Pacific Partnership, TPP, agriculture,...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Anders Borg, Finance Minister of Sweden, spoke at the Peterson Institute on April 23, 2012, on how reforms prior to the global financial crisis and current policies have resulted in Sweden's dramatic success story in handling the global financial crisis.
Topics: Sweden, Anders Borg, global financial crisis, economic reforms, Peterson Institute for...
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Anders Aslund says the deal reached by US Secretary of State John Kerry is unenforceable and that Vice President Biden should be prepared to announce new sanctions against Russia in Kiev next week.
Topics: Ukraine, Russia, Geneva Accord, foreign relations, political economy, foreign aggression, Anders...
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Changyong Rhee, director of the Asia and Pacific Department of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), presents the IMF's Asia and Pacific Regional Economic Outlook at the Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) on May 9, 2014. Asia experts Alan Larson, Covington and Burling, and Marcus Noland, PIIE, engaged in discussion with Rhee and the audience. For more information, visit: http://www.piie.com/events/event_detail.cfm?EventID=329
Topics: Asia, Pacific, economic outlook, International Monetary Fund, IMF, Changyong Rhee, Alan Larson,...
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Douglas A. Rediker says the International Monetary Fundâs approval of $17 billion for Ukraine unlocks other aid but the country faces challenges as it is threatened with possible dismemberment.
Topics: Ukraine, International Monetary Fund, IMF, political economy, Douglas Rediker, Peterson Institute...
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Kevin Brady: Congressman Kevin Brady, Chairman of the Trade Subcommittee of the House Ways and Means Committee, delivers the opening keynote speech at a conference on US trade policy at the Peterson Institute for International Economics on June 19, 2012. Panel 1: Outlook for US Trade Policy for 2012–13 Panelists from the Peterson Institute cover dimensions of current US trade policy: Gary Clyde Hufbauer on a recovery program for the WTO, J. Bradford Jensen on an international services...
Topics: trade policy, United States, PNTR, permanent normal trade relations, Russia, TPP, Trans-Pacific...
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1. High-Level Panels on Japan-US Common Economic Challenges, Part I The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE), the Sasakawa Peace Foundation USA, and the Sasakawa Peace Foundation Japan launched a new multiyear project, the High-Level Working Group on Japan-US Common Economic Challenges. The first part of the public seminar held June 3, 2014, at the Peterson Institute was entitled "Trade, International Competitiveness and Cooperation." Participants included: Motoshige...
Topics: Japan, United States, Sasakawa Peace Foundation, economic policy, economic relations, economic...
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Nicolas Véron explains how the longstanding French embrace of ânational championsâ has been revived over opposition to a bid by General Electric to take over Alstom.
Topics: France, nationalism, economic nationalism, General Electric, Alstom, Nicolas Veron, Peterson...
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The Honorable Bill Shorten, member of parliament and leader of the Opposition in the Parliament of Australia, discusses âGlobal Growth: Trade, Equity, and Opportunityâ at an event held at the Peterson Institute for International Economics on July 23, 2014. For more information, visit: http://www.piie.com/events/event_detail.cfm?EventID=343
Topics: Bill Shorten, Australia, global economic growth, global trade, economic equity, economic...
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1 PIIE-MIS Sovereign Economic Panel | 1: Latin America The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) and Moody's Investor Service (MIS) held their semiannual joint Sovereign Economic Panel on Thursday, April 10, 2014. The panel addressed the short-term stresses versus medium-term prospects for key emerging markets. Speakers for the first session, "Latin America: Between Internal Constraints and External Tapering," included Mauro Leos, MIS, and Jose de Gregorio, PIIE. For...
Topics: emerging markets, economic growth, CIS, Commonwealth of Independent States, Moody's Investor...
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Robert Lawrence: Rising Tide: Is Growth in Emerging Economies Good for the US? Coauthor Robert Z. Lawrence discusses the findings of Rising Tide: Is Growth in Emerging Economies Good for the United States? at a book release meeting at the Peterson Institute held March 19, 2013. The study addresses the fears that economic growth in emerging markets has or could reduce US living standards, lower US wages, and increase wage inequality. Research with coauthor Lawrence Edwards finds that these...
Topics: emerging economies, emerging markets, United States, economic growth, globalization, trade, living...
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Taeho Bark, Trade Minister of Korea, discussed Korea's free trade agreement (FTA) policy, the KORUS FTA, and the dynamics of East Asian economic integration at the Peterson Institute on May 16, 2012.
Topics: Taeho Bark, Korea, free trade agreements, FTA, East Asia, economic integration, Peterson Institute...
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Finance Minister Mukherjee: India and the World Pranab Mukherjee, Finance Minister of India, discusses India's short- and medium-term prospects in the context of the world economy at an event held April 20, 2012 at the Peterson Institute with assistance of the Confederation of Indian Industry. Chandrajit Banerjee, director general of the Confederation of Indian Industry, and Arvind Subramanian, senior fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, led a discussion following Mr....
Topics: India, finance, world economy, economic growth, Pranab Mukherjee, Chandrajit Banerjee,...
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Anders Aslund says Russiaâs ham-fisted tactics to destabilize Ukraine have backfired, and Moscow may now turn to tougher steps, including an invasion, to halt the countryâs progress.
Topics: Ukraine, Russia, invasion, political economy, Crimea, Anders Aslund, Peterson Institute for...
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Adam S. Posen says the United Kingdomâs decision to sever ties with the European Union will hurt the economy and could have frightening implications for rising anti-immigrant populism around the world.
Topics: Brexit, UK, United Kingdom, EU, European Union
Dr. Agustin Carstens, governor of the Bank of Mexico and newly elected chairman of the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC), delivers the Instituteâs 15th annual Stavros Niarchos Foundation Lecture on April 20, 2015. For more information, visit: http://www.piie.com/events/event_detail.cfm?EventID=389
Topics: Agustin Carstens, Mexico, central bank, International Monetary and Financial Committee, IMFC,...
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The Peterson Institute held a significant and path-breaking all-day conference on "Ethics and Globalization: The Tradeoffs Underlying Our Policy Choices" on January 7, 2013. The program featured a distinguished group of economists, philosophers, political scientists, and policymakers engaged in an interdisciplinary discussion of fundamental issues underlying economic policy decisions. Participants addressed the challenges of considering duties to domestic versus global welfare,...
Topics: globalization, ethics, Barney Frank, Peterson Institute for International Economics, PIIE, The New...